The Quantum Mystics | Math ∞ Weblog

The 2004 film/documentary What the Bleep Do We Know? has a easy reply to life’s issues: Quantum Mechanics! Can’t get a date? The reply: Quantum Mechanics. Hate your job? The reply: Quantum Mechanics. Nervous about the long run well being results of your prescription nervousness tablets? Haven’t any worry. Quantum Mechanics is the reply. The film intermixes a maelstrom of flashy pc generated particular results, the finally uplifting story of Amanda, a divorced photographer hooked on nervousness tablets, who finds enlightenment and a great man by way of the facility of quantum mechanics, and interviews with fourteen specialists together with physicist Amit Goswami, physicist Fred Alan Wolf, physicist John Hagelin, physicist David Albert, neuroscientist and pharmacologist Candace Pert, anesthesiologist Stuart Hameroff, plenty of others, and, oh sure, New Age religious guru JZ Knight channeling Ramtha, the 35,000 12 months previous spirit of a warrior from the misplaced continent of Lemuria. Because it occurs, the filmmakers and among the specialists are adherents of JZ Knight/Ramtha.

What the Bleep Do We Know? implicitly advances the idea that not solely does human consciousness trigger the mysterious collapse of the wave perform in quantum mechanics however in reality can management or affect the result of the collapse, thus permitting human beings to affect or management occasions by way of the facility of their thoughts and quantum mechanics. What the Bleep Do We Know? is obscure in regards to the precise textbook idea of quantum mechanics, not surprisingly since this idea provides no clear reply as to why, when, or how the quantum wave perform collapses. The film/documentary is without doubt one of the extra outstanding latest examples of the linking of quantum mechanics and mysticism, typically by specialists with spectacular resumes.

Like hottest science, the film makes very restricted use of arithmetic: rendering the film title in mathematical symbols on the DVD case and site and a quick sequence of pc generated flying equations which are by no means defined. It is a quite common method in video, each science “reality” and science fiction the place the viewers is briefly proven a mathematical system or equation in cryptic, usually Greek, symbols with both no clarification or a obscure clarification. Brian Greene’s The Elegant Universe PBS/Nova particular, which manages to advertise the extremely mathematical area of superstrings with nearly no arithmetic, options a few scenes with cryptic equations on a blackboard or pocket book web page, for instance.

What’s Quantum Mechanics Really?

The textbook idea of non-relativistic quantum mechanics is definitely fairly easy. Quantum Subject Idea, typically abbreviated QFT, which purports to reconcile quantum mechanics and the idea of particular relativity is extraordinarily advanced, summary, and tough to study. The creator as soon as attended a lecture by the physicist Leonard Susskind through which he acknowledged that it took ten years to study Quantum Subject Idea. This appears to be true for most individuals. In distinction, primary quantum mechanics is simple and will most likely be defined in a film/documentary like What the Bleep Do We Know?

The essential quantum mechanics formulated by Niels Bohr, Max Born, Werner Heisenberg, and their colleagues over the objections of Albert Einstein, Erwin Schrodinger, and Prince Louis deBroglie asserts that sub-atomic particles (and presumably macroscopic objects like tables and chairs) are characterised by a quantum state or quantum wave perform normally represented by the Greek letter [tex] Psi(x) [/tex]. This wave perform is a posh quantity representing a wave with an amplitude and section. For instance:

[tex] Psi(x) = e^{imath p x} [/tex]

The quantum wave perform is ruled by a wave equation, a partial differential equation. There are a number of totally different wave equations relying on the kind of particle: the unique Schrodinger Equation, the Dirac Equation, and the Klein-Gordon equation. So far as the creator can decide, these equations had been discovered empirically — that’s they had been educated guesses that turned out to match experimental knowledge on sure forms of particles. Subatomic particles are thought to have a mysterious instrinsic “spin” that’s considerably analogous to the spin/angular momentum of a macroscopic physique. Completely different wave equations govern the quantum wave capabilities of particles of various spin. The essential Schrodinger Equation which describes the electron within the hydrogen atom roughly (the electron is a spin 1/2 particle which is precisely described by the Dirac Equation) is:

[tex] imathhbarfrac{partial}{partial t}Psi (x, t) =frac{-hbar^2}{2m}frac{partial^2{Psi}}{partial{x^2}} + V(x)Psi(x) [/tex]

the place [tex]hbar [/tex] is Planck’s fixed divided by [tex] 2 pi [/tex], [tex] Psi [/tex] is the mysterious “wave perform”, [tex] V(x) [/tex] is the potential akin to {the electrical} potential of the hydrogen atom, and [tex] x [/tex] is the place.

Qualitatively, one can consider the quantum wave perform as a bodily wave like a water wave, a sound wave, or a radio wave. These acquainted phenomema are ruled by wave equations as properly, just like the Schrodinger equation in some ways. This similarity to recognized phenomena and arithmetic made Schrodinger’s wave image and his wave equation interesting to the physicists of his time (the 1920’s) and simple to make use of.

Up to now so good. The issue is that when one conducts experiments with electrons, one sees one thing according to level particles, not waves. Electrons are detected as factors on photographic movie or a contemporary digital imaging system, bodily tracks in a cloud chamber or bubble chamber. Waves intervene. Interference results seem with electrons in accrued patterns of many electrons. If one fires correctly ready electrons by way of a crystal, dots will seem on a sheet of photographic movie. Every electron seems at a selected level on the movie, not like a traditional wave which might be unfold out over the movie. As many dots seem on the movie, unexpectedly an interference sample will seem as if the electrons are one way or the other additionally a wave diffracting by way of the crystal. Comparable results are noticed with different subatomic particles akin to neutrons.

At this level, the formal mathematical idea of quantum mechanics expressed in symbols will get fuzzy. Bohr, Born, Heisenberg, and their colleagues argued that there was one thing referred to as a “measurement” or “commentary,” which they didn’t outline clearly. In most sensible experiments, the measurement is the dedication of the place of a subatomic particle akin to an electron (a dot on a sheet of photographic movie for instance). The sq. of the amplitude of the quantum wave perform [tex] |Psi(x)|^2 [/tex] was the chance of observing a particle on the place [tex] x [/tex].

Normally, the “measurement” was represented in symbolic arithmetic as an operator performing on the quantum wave perform [tex] Psi [/tex]. The measurement supposedly brought on the quantum wave perform to instantaneously bounce to an “eigenfuction” or “eigenstate” [tex] Psi_n(x) [/tex] of the operator. An “eigenfunction” is an easy idea with a elaborate German identify. An operator is one thing, akin to taking the spinoff or just multiplying by two, that transforms one perform into one other perform.

[tex] hat T f(x) = g(x) [/tex]

An eigenfunction of an operator [tex] hat T [/tex] is a perform [tex] f(x) [/tex] such that the operator transforms the perform into an element, generally known as an “eigenvalue,” occasions the unique untransformed perform:

[tex] hat T f(x) = a f(x) [/tex]

With a place measurement, this meant the quantum wave perform collapsed to some extent, usually represented by a so-called Dirac perform [tex] delta(x) [/tex] the place the Dirac perform is zero in all places besides at [tex] x = 0 [/tex] and infinite at [tex] x = 0 [/tex]. This infinity is such that the Dirac perform built-in to unity (1):

[tex] int ! delta(x) , mathrm{d}x = 1 [/tex]

A measurement may be a measurement of the momentum of the particle. On this case, the suitable operator is the momentum operator:

[tex] hat P = -imath hbar frac{partial}{partial x} [/tex]

On this case, the so-called eigenfunction or eigenstate of momentum is:

[tex] Psi(x) = e^{frac{imath}{hbar} p x} [/tex]

the place the eigenvalue is the measured momentum [tex] p [/tex]. On this case, the chance of measuring a momentum [tex] p [/tex] is the so-called internal product of the unique quantum wave perform [tex] Psi [/tex] with the advanced conjugate of the so-called eigenstate:

[tex] int {Psi(x) e^{-frac{imath}{hbar} p x} dx } [/tex]

There’s something outstanding and unexplained right here. The quantum wave perform jumps discontinuously and instantaneously from one type to a different. If the measurement is a place measurement, the quantum wave perform, which can be unfold out over fairly a distance, collapses instantaneously (quicker than gentle) to a single level. What causes the collapse? What’s a measurement? Schrodinger’s Equation and the opposite equations of primary quantum mechanics don’t inform us. Representing the measurement as a symbolic operator doesn’t inform us; it obscures the issue. Textbook quantum idea doesn’t inform us what bodily course of truly causes the collapse, how the collapse happens (it’s presumably instantaneous), or why. Within the textbook idea of quantum mechanics, the collapse of the wave perform to some extent is totally random . A aware observer has no energy to affect or management the result of the collapse (the measurement or commentary).

The Quantum Measurement Downside

From the very starting of contemporary quantum mechanics in 1927, some physicists, notably Albert Einstein, Erwin Schrodinger, and Prince Louis deBroglie, had been dissatisfied with this hazy, hand waving clarification of what was happening. This has led to plenty of attemps to make clear quantum mechanics together with the Many World Interpretation of Hugh Everett, the pilot wave idea of Louis deBroglie and David Bohm, and plenty of much less well-known theories and interpretations. Considerably, a couple of physicists together with Eugene Wigner and John Wheeler speculated that consciousness is likely to be instantly concerned within the collapse. Maybe a aware observer was wanted to break down the wave perform. This in flip opened the door to plenty of mystical prospects.

The quantum measurement downside is a major downside. It’s usually stated that quantum mechanics makes correct predictions for a variety of bodily phenomena and that it has by no means been improper. There’s supposedly no experiment that contradicts quantum mechanics in over ninety years of experiments in atomic, nuclear, and particle physics. But, quantum mechanics is a plastic idea. As a result of the idea doesn’t present a transparent rigorous idea of when the measurement happens, the predictions are ambiguous. If an experiment unexpectedly exhibits {that a} particle behaves as a wave, the measurement course of is sufficiently ambiguous that one can most likely argue that that is in reality what ought to have been seen. One merely didn’t perceive quantum mechanics previous to the experiment. Conversely, if one observes particle-like habits the place one naively anticipated wave-like habits, as soon as once more one solely has to redefine what constitutes a “measurement” that collapses the wave perform.

One of many issues that quantum mechanics was developed to resolve is the steadiness of atoms. If matter is comprised of atoms and if an atom consists of a positively charged nucleus with negatively charged electrons one way or the other “orbiting” the nucleus, there’s a significant issue. Within the classical electromagentic idea of Maxwell, a charged particle that’s accelerating, which might imply both altering pace or course, will radiate electromagnetic waves. The atom ought to rapidly decay. But, this was not noticed. There was clear proof that atoms contained a positively charged nucleus and seemingly electrons in one thing like an orbit across the nucleus. Nonetheless, the atoms didn’t decay.

In orthodox quantum mechanics, the electrons in an atom are uncollapsed wave capabilities. The section of the wave perform oscillates in time however the amplitude of the wave perform is fixed. This implies one way or the other that the spatial distribution of the electrical cost across the nucleus is fixed — unchanging. Thus, there isn’t any acceleration and the atom is secure. Amongst different issues, the noticed stability of atoms signifies that the wave perform should discuss with a bodily actuality, to not the observer’s state of information in regards to the electrons within the atom. If the electrons had a particular place unknown to the observer, e.g. a scientist performing an experiment, the atom would radiate electromagnetic waves and decay. The wave perform can not collapse for the atom to be secure.

These electrons in uncollapsed wave capabilities nonetheless seem to work together with different particles and objects, apparently with out collapsing. For instance, a mirror displays gentle. That is considered as a result of electrical cost within the electrons within the atoms. But, seemingly, the electron wave capabilities within the atoms of the mirror don’t collapse. The atoms within the floor of the mirror stay secure and don’t decay as one may naively count on. So, too, if one pushes on the mirror, the agency resistance of the mirror to at least one’s hand is attributed to electrostatic repulsion between the electrons within the mirror and the electrons within the atoms of 1’s hand. But, once more, it doesn’t appear that pushing on the floor of a mirror causes the electron wave capabilities to break down and the atoms on the floor of the mirror to decay as one may naively count on. Nevertheless, if one blasts the mirror with energetic x-rays, the x-rays will knock free electrons which might be noticed as tracks in detectors — seemingly level particles. The electron wave capabilities collapse and the mirror will bodily degrade when bombarded with x-rays.

Why does one interplay or “commentary” seem to break down the wave perform and one other doesn’t? To make sure, there may be most likely some hand-waving clarification of this seeming downside with quantum mechanics within the superior physics analysis literature. However actually, is it understood? Most likely not.

These observations with mirrors and different macroscopic objects arguably bracket the circumstances below which the wave perform collapses. There are lots of sensible and mathematical difficulties in figuring out what quantum mechanics predicts for a macroscopic object comprised of trilions of trilions of trillions of atoms and molecules. Presumably, scientists can examine this habits on the degree of atoms, molecules, or small numbers of atoms with atomic drive microscopes and different trendy devices and decide experimentally when and below what circumstances the wave perform is collapsing (if that is even an accurate interpretation of the bodily phenomenon). It’s most likely extra correct to say that experiments could possibly decide when and below what circumstances the wave perform collapses assuming that the wave perform collapse actually exists as a significant bodily idea (for instance, the pilot wave idea of quantum mechanics doesn’t require the wave perform to break down to clarify the puzzling observations).

Symbols and Ideas

The expression of quantum mechanics as a proper mathematical system of symbols (that may very well be programmed on a contemporary pc for instance) doesn’t comprise a predictive mathematical system for when and below what circumstances the wave perform will or is not going to collapse. The expression of the “measurement” or “commentary” as a symbolic operation such because the operator [tex] hat T [/tex] doesn’t reply this query. It truly sweeps the issue below a symbolic rug as Einstein, Schrodinger, and deBroglie realized. Slightly physicists are utilizing fuzzy verbal ideas akin to Niels Bohr’s “complementarity” or unspoken theories or speculations to specify when the wave perform collapses and when it doesn’t.

This isn’t uncommon. When bodily theories are expressed in purely symbolic kinds akin to Maxwell’s Equations or Schrodinger’s Equation, an incredible deal is commonly hidden within the definition of the symbols. The quantum mechanical [tex] Psi [/tex] is an effective instance. However, even in Maxwell’s Equations, precisely what’s the definition of the electrical area [tex] E [/tex] and the magnetic area [tex] B [/tex]. How are these symbols within the formal arithmetic related to actual bodily measurements within the laboratory or within the area? In physics and engineering, finally the summary symbols should correspond to bodily macroscopic objects and programs that type sense perceptions within the human thoughts, e.g. dots on {a photograph}, the deflection of a meter, and so forth. Someplace on this course of shapes and extra usually ideas that the human thoughts can deal with, however which we can not (but) specific in purely symbolic phrases normally seem.

Quantum Mysticism

There’s a lengthy historical past of physicists and different scientists wandering off into mystical or religious areas. Throughout the Renaissance, the sharp separation and alleged battle between science, faith, and mysticism largely didn’t exist. Johannes Kepler was an astrologer and mystic. Tycho Brahe was an astrologer and alchemist. Isaac Newton practiced alchemy and had a spread of religous and mystical views. Even within the early nineteenth century, Michael Faraday was deeply spiritual though he tried to maintain his private spiritual views out of his scientific publications. Faraday and lots of the early electrical experimenters and theorists had been deeply influenced by mystical concepts in regards to the unity of nature which led them to actively search the proof of a robust connection between electrical energy, magnetism, gentle, and chemistry which they discovered. What the Bleep Do We Know? options an entertaining and possibly false story through which the Indians (Native Individuals) had been supposedly unable to see Christopher Columbus’s ships as a result of they weren’t mentally ready to see the ships — till a smart shaman one way or the other opened their eyes. Astonishingly, early electrical experimenters had been finding out electrical energy extensively for at the very least twenty years with out noticing that there have been magnetic results (fields in trendy parlance) round wires carrying electrical currents. The invention of the electrical battery in about 1800 made it doable to conduct in depth, detailed, repeatable experiments with electrical energy. The mystically inclined Hans Christian Oersted simply discovered the magnetic area round a current-carrying wire with a magnetic compass, one thing that anybody might have achieved for…twenty years. He noticed what he was mentally ready to see; it does occur (on a regular basis).

The evolution and progress of contemporary science has been accompanied by the adoption of a militant, materialistic, reductionist, and atheistic creed by many main scientists and popularizers of science (see, for instance, works by Steven Weinberg and Carl Sagan). Nonetheless, there have been plenty of trendy physicists, together with some with spectacular resumes, who’ve bucked the pattern and turn out to be enamored of varied mystical, parapsychological, and religious concepts. Arthur Eddington developed a posh mathematical idea of all the pieces with robust mystical parts with which he apparently turned obsessed. This will have contributed to the infamous bitter feud between Eddington and Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar through which Chandrasekhar’s discoveries threatened to shatter Eddington’s idea. The Nobel-prize profitable physicist Brian Josephson might be top-of-the-line recognized, most outstanding latest examples. Josephson turned fascinated with extrasensory notion (ESP) and different unique concepts. Though lots of his concepts are fairly materialistic, the physicist David Bohm turned related to varied mystical and religious people and teams such because the religious guru Krishnamurti. Bohm’s concepts, particularly, have turn out to be intertwined wih many mystical concepts about quantum mechanics. John Hagelin, who seems in What the Bleep Do We Know?, options a formidable resume earlier than leaving mainstream (authorities funded) theoretical particle physics to hitch the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi‘s transcendental meditation motion. Related to the theme of What the Bleep Do We Know?, the physicist and engineer Robert Jahn carried out experiments for years at Princeton claiming to detect small results the place individuals might barely alter the result of random, presumably quantum mechanical processes akin to radioactive decays or digital noise.

The organized, principally government-funded physics “group” has taken varied measures to distance itself from these mystical, religious, and parapsychological theories and experiments. It’s nearly unattainable to publish analysis papers on these types of issues in main physics publications akin to Bodily Assessment. A number of years in the past, the outstanding and influential preprint server shifted from a coverage of being open to all to requiring an institutional affiliation, a sponsor to endorse the preprint, and another “precautions,” usually to dam publications by actual or alleged “crackpots.” The mainstream physicist David Albert who appeared in What the Bleep Do We Know? quickly distanced himself from the film, claiming he was quoted out of context and didn’t understand the subject material of the movie; this could be true.

It’s tough to know what to make of this kind of factor. Some essential elements of quantum mechanics are nearly definitely not understood. Thus, it’s not doable to rule out a direct function for consciousness or different mystical extensions to quantum mechanics. It is usually clear the textbook idea doesn’t require a task for consciousness as What the Bleep Do We Know? and related supplies declare — fairly the other. Most physicists look like interested in the fashionable area by the invention that they’re good at physics in class, which frequently means good at particular calculations or derivations. Fashionable physics is little greater than a glory-driven skilled sport like soccer or basketball — with loads of egos and senseless competitors and treasured little “enlightenment”. Intrinsically, elementary physics akin to theoretical particle physics, cosmology, and so forth offers with elementary questions in regards to the nature and origin of all the pieces. Some individuals come into physics primarily pushed by curiosity, religious, or philosophical emotions about these primary questions. There’s clearly an enchantment to discovering proof of God or some comforting mystical actuality in science and in empirically measurable phenomena akin to quantum mechanical phenomena. Extra cynically, profession prospects and salaries in physics are comparatively poor; changing into a religious guru with a Ph.D. in Physics could also be a profession possibility, even a profitable one in uncommon instances. Additionally, regardless of the final lack of mainstream authorities funding, through the years, plenty of rich philanthropists such because the late Laurance Rockefeller and Robert Bigelow have funded a plethora of far out analysis matters akin to parapsychology, crop circles, and UFOs.

Crypto-Mysticism in Mainstream Physics

Most likely most readers of this text will discover the story of a New Age guru allegedly channelling the 35,000 12 months previous spirit of a warrior from the misplaced continent of Lemuria who promotes a questionable extension of quantum mechanics amusing, if not ridiculous, and should get pleasure from a smug sense of superiority over the poor benighted people who imagine this kind of factor. But, labels like cult, pseudoscience, dangerous science, junk science, and pseudomathematics are usually utilized solely to comparatively small fringe teams with little cash, energy, or status. In reality, it is not uncommon to come across spiritual and mystical language and imagery in common physics articles. Typically it’s lethal critical. Typically the phrases are utilized in a manner that lends itself to a double which means. That’s, a press release has one which means if the phrases are given their frequent which means in English, but a special which means if the “particular which means” utilized by physicists is used. In lots of instances, the spiritual or mystical language or imagery is ostensibly tongue in cheek, probably not critical.

A reasonably excessive instance of that is the title of Leon Lederman’s e book The God Particle, in regards to the Higgs particle, the “Holy Grail” (one other spiritual picture) of particle physics. The title says all of it. Is the Higgs particle actually equal to God? Albert Einstein referred to God steadily in varied public appearances. There’s a well-known assertion by Einstein “Raffiniert ist der Herrgott aber boshaft ist Er nicht.” which is usually translated as “The Lord is refined, however not malicious.” Abraham Pais used this translation because the title of his biography of Einstein. What Einstein meant by “God” will not be clear and the topic of some controversy. The well-known American rabbi and Jewish chief Herbert Goldstein particularly requested Einstein in a telegram if he believed in God. Einstein allegedly responded with:

I imagine in Spinoza’s God who reveals Himself within the orderly concord of what exists, not in a God who issues himself with fates and actions of human beings.

It’s price understanding that the thinker Spinoza’s views had been very removed from both conventional rabbinical Judaism or Christianity. He was, in reality, excommunicated by his Jewish spiritual group. This practice of utilizing the time period “God” in a manner that differs dramatically from frequent utilization is frequent within the common physics literature. Right here is a reasonably clear assertion of this apply from Leonard Susskind’s common physics e book The Cosmic Panorama: String Idea and the Phantasm of Clever Design (web page 8):

I don’t know the religous beliefs of Davies or Greenstein, however I might be cautious of too literal an interpretation. Physicists usually use phrases like design, company, and even God as metaphors for what will not be recognized — interval. I’ve used the time period agent in print and have been sorry each since. Einstein usually spoke of God. “God is crafty however He’s not malicious.” “God doesn’t play cube.” “I wish to know the way God created the world.” Most commentators imagine Einstein was utilizing the time period God as a metaphor for an orderly set of legal guidelines of nature.

Nicely, perhaps. Why not use “what will not be recognized” as an alternative of “God,” which in frequent utilization means one thing completely totally different?

It is usually frequent to come across language about “understanding God,” “glimpsing God,” “understanding the thoughts of God,”, or “glimpsing the thoughts of God” within the common physics literature. There’s an instance of this in Brian Greene’s PBS/Nova particular The Elegant Universe the place a physicist talks about understanding the thoughts of God.

It is usually frequent to come across mystical or spiritual references which are supposedly tongue in cheek. For instance, the PBS/Nova particular The Elegant Universe comprises a seemingly tongue in cheek story in regards to the unique supposed breakthrough in superstrings. The 2 physicists are struggling to carry out a posh symbolic derivation. There’s nevertheless a raging storm outdoors which threatens to distract them from sucess. Are the Gods themselves looking for to stop the invention? The physicists, in fact, succeed regardless of the raging storm. It’s all paying homage to the jealous Creator of some Gnostic Christian sects who seeks to maintain males ignorant, however information gnosis of the true supreme God units males free. Murray Gell-Mann used the paranormal time period “The Eightfold Approach” to humorously label his idea of quarks. Particle physicists initially named two of the quarks “fact” and “magnificence,” however later renamed them “prime” and “backside.”

The central concept of most mystical programs is absolutely the unity of all issues, an absolute One recognized with God and infrequently the universe as properly. Within the western Neoplatonic custom, that is intently related to the mathematical mysticism of Pythagoras and Plato, through which arithmetic performs a central function within the nature and structure of the universe. The search for a unified area idea or idea of all the pieces (TOE) within the common physics literature bears a placing resemblance to this historical mystical perception. Even the “panorama” of a myriad alternate universes, the topic of Susskind’s e book, bears a suspicious resemblance to the myriad failed worlds that God creates earlier than our universe in some variations of the Jewish Kabbalah, the Jewish mystical custom. Within the Kabbalah, one of many supreme targets is to study and grasp essentially the most secret identify of God, which confers infinite energy on whoever speaks it; this bears a marked resemblance to the hunt for a secret equation, a idea of all the pieces, that explains all the of creation and which could confer nice energy as properly (antigravity, warp drives, quantum teleportation, time journey, who is aware of?).

Scientism is the concept pure science is essentially the most authoritative worldview or facet of human schooling, and that it’s superior to all different interpretations of life. Its’ enchantment to many scientists is simple to see. Science can take the place of conventional faith. With quantum mysticism, the mysticism and spirituality is out within the open, clearly recognizable — proudly touted, in reality, no matter its’ precise deserves. The disguised (crypto) mysticism of the favored physics, and different common science, literature is much less clear, simple to disclaim as simply phrases utilized in an odd manner or as gentle hearted humor. Nobody is absolutely claiming the Higgs particle is God…or are they? However the risks from closely funded and prestigious mainstream science gone off the rails would dwarf the hazards from even the biggest New Age cult to insignificance.


Returning to What the Bleep Do We Know? and related supplies, warning is properly suggested. Consciousness will not be part of common textbook quantum mechanics neither is it clearly vital to clarify the logical and philosophical issues with quantum mechanics. It might be that we’ll at some point discover that mysticism, parapsychology, or some related unique concept is concerned in quantum mechanics, however we have no idea this right now nor are we near a solution.

Talking mathematically, it might be doable to search out the reason for the quantum measurement downside by merely including a non-linear time period to the Schrodinger Equation that causes the collapse of the quantum wave perform below sure bodily circumstances, most likely some kind of interplay between the wave capabilities of various particles. It is vitally onerous to know what the exact type of this extra time period is likely to be. There have been a couple of makes an attempt within the physics literature. Almost certainly it’s vital to consider carefully in regards to the conceptual points swept below the rug within the quantum measurement operators [tex] hat T [/tex] to make educated guesses in regards to the nature of this time period if it exists. It stays fairly doable that fixing these issues requires a radical change, discarding the Schrodinger Equation and different recognized arithmetic nearly solely.

Recommended Studying/References

The Quantum Ten: A Story of Passion, Tragedy, Ambition, and Science The Quantum Ten: A Story of Ardour, Tragedy, Ambition, and Science
Sheila Jones
Oxford College Press, USA
336 pages
Quantum Dialogue: The Making of a Revolution Quantum Dialogue: The Making of a Revolution
Mara Beller
College Of Chicago Press
365 pages
Infinite Potential: The Life and Times of David Bohm Infinite Potential: The Life and Instances of David Bohm
F. David Peat
Fundamental Books
380 pages
The Undivided Universe: An Ontological Interpretation of Quantum Theory The Undivided Universe: An Ontological Interpretation of Quantum Idea
David Bohm, Basil J. Hiley
397 pages
Opticks: Or a Treatise of the Reflections, Refractions, Inflections & Colours of Light-Based on the Fourth Edition London, 1730 Opticks: Or a Treatise of the Reflections, Refractions, Inflections & Colors of Mild-Based mostly on the Fourth Version London, 1730
Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein (Foreword)
Dover Publications
Quantum Theory At The Crossroads - Reconsidering The 1927 Solvay Conference Quantum Idea At The Crossroads – Reconsidering The 1927 Solvay Convention
Guido Bacciagaluppi, Antony Valentini
Cambridge College Press
556 pages
Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics: Collected Papers on Quantum Philosophy Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics: Collected Papers on Quantum Philosophy
J. S. Bell
Cambridge College Press
288 pages
The The Cosmic Panorama: String Idea and the Phantasm of Clever Design
Leonard Susskind
Little Brown and Firm
New York

Copyright © 2010, John F. McGowan, Ph.D.

In regards to the Creator

John F. McGowan, Ph.D. is a software program developer, analysis scientist, and advisor. He works primarily within the space of advanced algorithms that embody superior mathematical and logical ideas, together with speech recognition and video compression applied sciences. He has in depth expertise creating software program in C, C++, Visible Fundamental, Mathematica, MATLAB and lots of different programming languages. He’s most likely finest recognized for his AVI Overview, an Web FAQ (Regularly Requested Questions) on the Microsoft AVI (Audio Video Interleave) file format. He has labored as a contractor at NASA Ames Analysis Heart concerned within the analysis and improvement of picture and video processing algorithms and know-how. He has revealed articles on the origin and evolution of life, the exploration of Mars (anticipating the invention of methane on Mars), and low-cost entry to area. He has a Ph.D. in physics from the College of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and a B.S. in physics from the California Institute of Know-how (Caltech). He might be reached at [email protected].

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